RELIGIOUS FREEDOM


Palestine Works has drafted a legal analysis of select issues of religious freedom in Israel and occupied Palestine. The analysis concludes that religious freedom violations in the territory under Israeli control are not isolated, but are structural features of the Israeli control system, which attempts to extend and preserve Jewish control over the entirety of historic Palestine. The following topics are analyzed:

· Religious-based denial of citizenship to Palestinians in the occupied Palestinian territory and denial of certain citizenship rights to Palestinian citizens of Israel.

· Irrevocably dispossessing Palestinian refugee property through parastatal institutions exclusively serving the Jewish people, including its diaspora: the World Zionist Organization/ Jewish Agency and the Jewish National Fund. 

· Promoting maximalist Jewish claims to the Al-Aqsa Mosque Compound/Temple Mount, including state support of Temple movements. 

· Discrimination against non-Jewish communities in the protection and administration of holy places.

· Arbitrary and discriminatory restrictions on visas for clergy and lay religious workers.

· Facilitating discrimination in public and private affairs through national IDs that disclose religious affiliation.

· State refusal to recognize a secular, nonsectarian Israeli nationality. 

· Orthodox Jewish control over personal status issues of the non-Orthodox Jewish communities, including marriage, child registration, and religious conversion.

· Discouraging proselytism while tolerating harassment and incitement against evangelist faiths by anti-assimilation and anti-miscegenation groups. 

· Discrimination between Arab Palestinian and Jewish citizens of Israel in recognizing religious groups as ‘nationalities’, as exemplified by Israel's recent recognition of an ‘Aramean’ nationality that does not objectively exist, in violation of the rights of the Palestinian population as an indigenous national minority.

· Denying Palestinian Druze citizens of Israel the right to conscientiously object to serving against fellow Arab Palestinians in the occupied Palestinian territory. 

· Orthodox Jewish control over personal status issues of the non-Orthodox Jewish communities, including marriage, child registration, and religious conversion.


Editors
Omar Yousef Shehabi
Dr. Sara Husseini
Hady Matar
Emma Borden
 

Contributors             
Dario D’Ambrosio, LLM, SOAS-University of London
(2015 Law Fellowship)

Helena van Roosbroeck, MA, SOAS-University of London (2015 Law Fellowship)

John Pino, JD candidate 2017, George Washington University (2015 Law Fellowship)

Jessica Boulet, JD 2016, New York University

Lojain al-Mouallimi, JD candidate 2017, Brooklyn Law School

Andrew Udelsman, JD candidate 2017, Yale University